Massage Chair Payment Plan – Top Massage Chair Dea

Massage Chair Payment Plan

Massage therapy chairs aren’t all created just as! The design as well as brand the person you know advocate might not supply the tranquility as well as tranquility you require as well as a thorough research of available choices are the most effective technique to uncover the perfect chair for your needs.


We’re below to educate you all you have to know about most popular massage therapy chairs made by the leading manufacturers in the market. We’ve compiled an overview to the top massage chairs, with pricing, unique functions as well as service warranty information as well as shade options.


1- Kahuna Zero Gravity Recliner (Finest massage therapy chair for pain in the back Under $2000).

Kahuna massage chair


If you’re a fan of the Kahuna brand name however aren’t sure you have the cash to get the brand name, you can find models on the marketplace that won’t need to spend a lot.


Kahuna No Gravity Recliner Kahuna Absolutely no Gravity Recliner chair features all the attributes you need without the expensive cost.


With 6 pre-set, automated programs as well as a timer that can last as much as thirty minutes of leisure, this back-stretching massage chair was made to be affordable and also comfy.


In actual truth, the top quality and also worth of this chair are so popular, we think it’s the top selection for low-cost massage chair options. In addition to being furnished with an L-track system it also has three various levels with zero gravity.


The Kahuna massage chair is outfitted utilizing body-scan technology, which means that when you’re not pleased with any one of the 6 pre-programmed programs, you can customize it to satisfy your choices. Among the things we such as concerning the pre-programmed programs is that they have actually been created with yoga-inspired extending in mind, so must you be a passionate follower of Pilates as well as yoga exercise you’ll be awed by the massage chairs.


With foot rollers in addition to a detachable area for the foot With foot rollers as well as a detachable foot roller location, the Kahuna Absolutely no Massage therapy chair made for pain in the back has actually been made with practicality in the rear of your mind.




It’s a great alternative for those aiming to save money on various other Kahuna models. It also does not skimp on attributes.


The innovation still collaborates with body scanning to assist you discover the ideal massage.


The lower locations of the massage therapy chairs are accessible, making it easy to clean it if required.


Disadvantages.Massage Chair Payment Plan 


The service warranty doesn’t last longer than various other chairs, giving an additional three-year service warranty. It’s a sensible alternative yet there’s the opportunity that it might fall short after the warranty is over.


It does not included the very same number of preprograms as other massage therapy chairs.


2-Genuine Relax Massage Chair.

real relax massage chair

Massage chairs that checks ALL the right boxes!


The second of our list takes place ended up being The Actual Relax massage chair -What is the factor?


Since it’s a reasonably priced chair that does not give up any one of the attributes.


Simply push a button to feel absolutely no gravity. After that, permit 50 airbags care for your whole body.


There are 8 massagers within the chair in addition to six vehicle settings that you can have fun with. At the same time, you can alter exactly how you feel by establishing your rollers according to the toughness as well as rate which is most ideal for you.


Home heating treatment boosts the stress-free experience. The straightforward remote control permits you to try out the choices when you are loosening up.


Furthermore, it has arm clips that can assist assist in the treatment of your arms while you massage.


You can really transfer it from room area, thanks to the handy wheels that are integrated.


If you’re planning to invest on your first chair for massage therapy then those who have made use of the chair felt that this is a superb selection because it has consists of every choice you can think of and is an excellent value for money.


Some individuals did locate the massages a little bit laborious nonetheless, those looking for pain alleviation after the day’s work extremely advise the product.


They especially appreciated the fact that you can switch off the massage therapy features as well as just relax as well as appreciate the resonance and heat functions as required.


Additionally, you can appreciate Bluetooth as a typical feature offered on extra costly models, like the iRest Track Massage therapy Chair. Track Massage Therapy Chair, so you can pair your phone to the chair then loosen up as well as pay attention to the songs you enjoy.


Are you searching for something extra modern?


It is worth taking a rate of interest in Genuine Relax’s newest version, that is a lot more expensive, yet includes all the attributes you might want for the Massage seat .


3-Genuine Relax Robots Hands – (Best Massage Therapy Chair Under $1000).

real relax 3D massage chair

First, I wish to say sorry. The chair doesn’t cost less than $1000. It’s more. Let me educate you that if you’re looking for a top massage therapy chair to reduce pain in the back that is less than $1000, you’ll be viewing on the net for fairly a long duration. This is the closest to get to the budget plan.


Real Relax Robot Hands.


In our series of budget-friendly massage chairs to relieve back discomfort, let’s take an eye the Genuine Relax massage chair. It’s one of the least expensive of our selections, but it’s more valuable when you see the many alternatives it needs to provide.


The Real Relax Robots Hands features 3D robot hands that operate along an SL-track, enabling you to be able to relocate from your hip area towards your neck. The design is ergonomically crafted to provide you the full advantage of a massage therapy yet without really feeling unpleasant.


If you would certainly like for the recline of your Real Relax massage therapy chair, just press the switch after that the massage therapy chair will certainly care for the remainder. This model was designed with practicality and also simplicity in mind, to make sure that you’re just needed to carry out the minimum of your massage.


Like various other chairs we have actually provided This set has the ability to gauge the weight as well as the size of your body with its body check. It will eventually create a tailored program to fulfill your details demands.


One of one of the most enticing facets for this chair massage is the reality that it is already set up, which suggests all you require to do is to find the ideal place to position it in.Massage Chair Payment Plan 




It has a variety of attributes, specifically thinking about the price.


It was created easily with a concentrate on ease, which makes it easy to make your individual massage session. If you prefer to, you can choose among the predetermined sessions.




Guarantee is just three years, which implies that just like the a lot more economical Kahuna version, you could be at risk of issues happening when the guarantee mores than. This is certainly a negative aspect of acquiring a lower-priced design.


The warmth treatment session is limited to the lower portion of the chair. If you’re looking for an all-body home heating session it’s unlikely to obtain it in this area.


4-Relaxonchair MK-II Plus.


It’s time to really relax!


Relaxonchair is recognized for their costs massage therapy chairs. The MK-II Plus is no exception.


As with other chairs, this set has massage therapy points that move along an L-Track. This enables customers to concentrate upon your reduced back.


Unlike various other models within its rate array, it comes with a remarkable selection of alternatives.




There are 3 zero-gravity setups allowing you to not only recline, however also lay flat to soothe the stress off your entire body.


Airbags can be used to offer the full body massage therapy that is exactly tailored to your height many thanks an incorporated body scanner, which figures out a whole size of the back.


Select MK-II Plus MK-II Plus’ spine decompression program and also delight in a full body stretch. In addition, hot pad for the lumbar region are excellent for those looking for an ergonomic massage therapy chair to eliminate back problems.


If the users of the chair had the ability to take a break to write a testimonial they spurted concerning the intense massage therapy they obtained and also the means they took pleasure in the substantial and easy to use control device.


Lots of families have reported getting into contest the chair since it is able to quickly adjust to individuals of numerous sizes.


If you’re looking for a method to soothe neck pain, this isn’t a chair for you as the airbags and also nodes do not reach the neck.


The Snailax Shiatsu Neck in addition to Back Massager is the best choice because it gives a massage therapy to your neck.


5-Electric Totally Body Shiatsu Massage Therapy Chair.

full body electric shiatsu massage chair


An extravagance for the whole body (especially your feet!).


Many massage therapy chairs are focused on providing heat to your lower back This Electric Full Body Shiatsu Massage Chair uses you a warming therapy for your feet’s soles.


Attracting ideas from Chinese thermal therapy, it is thought to boost circulation.Massage Chair Payment Plan 


With a range of options to choose from, you are able to tailor your massage by picking various designs like tapping, working as well as, obviously, Shiatsu.


Including 21 airbags on your hips and also waist as well as assists to strengthen the reduced part of your back.


Like similar to Relaxonchair comparable to the Relaxonchair, this set has sensors built in to establish how long your back is, so it has the ability to identify precisely which locations to give the most enjoyable massage therapy.


The chair is not made of leather, as well as has an ‘economic climate’ look compared with various other furnishings. But people were nevertheless satisfied with the style and also the surface.


At a rate that is reduced less than $1000, it gives a range of functions, making it a favored among shoppers.


One user said it was the most effective financial investment in well-being and the convenience of their home.


6-Osaki OS-4D Escape Massage Chair

Osaki Massage chair

Spa-like experience of massage in your house.


All your problems (as well as your back pain) sideways when you study your Osaki OS-4D Getaway.


Osaki OS-4D Escape Massage Chair CHECK COST ON AMAZON.


The hood unwinds your mind by bringing chromotherapy to life made to bring relaxation to an entire new degree.Massage Chair Payment Plan 


This chair supplies so many advantages:.


Like 4D massage therapy rollers which comply with an ergonomically developed S-Track, which maps the contour of your back with pinpoint accuracy. It’s a fantastic choice if you’re searching for methods to alleviate back discomfort.


Pick in between 2 zero gravity choices to take pleasure in the weightlessness as well as your body be grateful to you for.


Airbags that are strategically put can provide a delightful arm and shoulder massage therapy in addition to an extendable foot rest that works for your feet.


The muscles in your lumbar region as well as calf bones will start to kick back when you activate your extreme heating setups.


One of the most outstanding characteristics of this chair is to be the aromatherapy feature that makes use of the recovery residential properties that necessary oils have to boost your leisure.


Place an aromatherapy pill inside the chair. It will certainly relocate the wonderful aromas throughout the room.


A disadvantage when compared to comparable massage therapy chair is that it can not utilize as a standard common chair. Likewise, you require to offer an ample amount of space considering that it’s one of the largest chairs we have actually analyzed.


With all these impressive functions, you’ll need to be paying a lot more.


However with Affirm debt alternatives offered, you have the ability to spread the price of this premium massager over 12 or perhaps 36.


Apply currently to see whether you’re eligible. the procedure won’t affect your credit score.


7- Infinity Massage Therapy Chair.


Infinite Massage Chair


Are you trying to find a zero gravity massage on a chair, yet don’t want to invest exceedingly? This Infinity Massage Therapy Chair for Pain in the back gives you the glamorous experience you’ve constantly desired without a substantial rate, specifically when compared to other designs in this checklist.


While there are versions from Infinity that include 3D rollers nonetheless, this model is just outfitted with 2D ones. Nonetheless there is a mild distinction and shouldn’t affect the total experience at all.


The Infinity massage therapy chair comes with body scanning innovation and the ability to warm your neck and hands The Infinity massage chair is likewise furnished with foot rollers in addition to other alternatives. In the long run, this is the type of chair you’ll desire when you’re seeking the optimum quantity of features without paying exceedingly for it.


Although you could improve top quality massage therapies by using a lot more expensive models such as the iRobotic that we’ll discuss in the near future The Infinity massage chair will certainly suffice for most of people.




This massage therapy chair comes with an impressive variety of attributes specifically when compared to comparable designs with greater rates.


In reality you’ll conserve quite a quantity when you check out the Infinity versus various other versions in the very same class.


It includes foot rollers that will certainly give you an enjoyable massage to your feet.


Along with a choice for body scanning and also heating massages as well as a body scanning attribute, the Infinity massage chair features an option for deep tissue massage therapy.


The tool includes speakers that are perfect if you want the sound of music when getting the massage therapy.




It’s a bit more affordable than comparable models nonetheless, it’s still believed to be pricey.


The Lumbar region is the single region that can gain from therapy with warmth.

8-iRest SL Track Massage Chair Reclining Chair.

iRest SL Track Massage Chair

A powerful massage therapy that is particularly personalized to your body.


If you’re a little or slim person, you’ve possibly really felt overwhelmed by massage chairs that you have actually tried previously.


Usually, they’re made as large as is possible to fit the body of any kind of dimension.


Place your feet right into the iRestSL track massage therapy Chair and also readjust the width to ensure that regardless of your body shape, you’ll have the ability to have a massage that is just right for you.


iRest SL Track Massage Chair ReclinerCHECK PRICE ON AMAZON.


Comparable comparable to comparable to the Relaxonchair MK-II Plus, it will determine your weight, elevation, as well as shoulder width weight, as well as supply details massage therapies precisely where you need it.


With calf bone rests that stretch to 20cm, it is ideal for all sizes. Nevertheless, it deserves noting that taller customers thought they would be benefited by the chair being slightly much longer.


Among the most impressive features of the iRest that you will not hop on various other massage chairs includes its SL Track system.


Producers normally choose the S or L-Track massage therapy method that describes how the massage therapy nodes are moved across the back (in or in an S or L shape primarily).


You’ll be impressed at the selection of 2 instructions with this version, offering you back the greatest protection it can get!


There are lots of other choices, such as six massage therapy alternatives, consisting of the full body airbag massage therapy as well as a reduced back heat feature.


Similar to the latest Real Relax design, it also comes with integrated wireless Bluetooth audio speakers that can help in producing an extra serene ambience.


9-Human Touch All-Body 7.1 Massage Therapy Chair.

Human Touch Whole Body Chair Massage Chair

The perfect mix important and also style.


If a cumbersome and big massage chair isn’t what you were considering If you’re trying to find something much more portable, think about the layout that features the Human Touch WholeBody 7.1.


As opposed to various other brand names and its rivals, this model has a less complex layout as well as does not jeopardize on attributes.


Sit down in your chair and also use to make use of the BodyMap Pro attribute. pick the location you ‘d like to be treating.


Human Touch WholeBody 7.1 Massage Chair CHECK Cost on Amazon.


You can pick in between 5 different alternatives, consisting of a Sleep attribute that assists you have a much better evening’s sleep.


Warm air massage technology provides comfort for reduced back pain. It includes a the straightforward remote that allows you control every one of the alternatives.


If you remain in search of a massage chair to enhance blood circulation, this Human Touch WholeBody 7.1 has simply the setups.


With the Figure-Eight Cirqlation Innovation that massage therapies your calf bones utilizing an upwards, wave-like movement to aid in boosting flow.


It is in fact offered in 3 colors, which implies you can select the one that mixes to your decor.


Its WholeBody 7.1 also reclines and can rotate, that makes it optimal as a comfortable chair without a massage system.


READ: The Most Effective Neck Massager Testimonial on Discomfort Alleviation in 2021.


10-Infinity Riage CS Small Shiatsu Massage Therapy Chair.

infinite riage massage chair

A tiny area with lots of options!


You can delight in a variety of massage therapy strategies at a budget-friendly rate when you purchase The Infinity Riage CS.


Faucet, roll, Japanese shiatsu, you’ll be capable of offering your entire body the remainder it needs.


Infinity Riage CS, Compact Shiatsu Massage Therapy Chair CHECK Rate on AMAZON.


Regulate your therapy or choose an automated program and afterwards sit back and also relax.


The 4 massagers set on an L-track for the perfect, soothing massage therapy.


Regardless of all the fantastic attributes it’s still a small chair, measuring 23″ wide with deep. It’s 38″ deep.


It’s a small massage chair that is suitable for homes with smaller sized areas, since it just needs 2 inches of space of the wall.


This is one inch less than the tiny Kahuna Superior listed below!


It weighs simply 87lbs, which makes it light too, which suggests it is simple to walk around from one area.


The owners of Infinity Riage CS like the dimensions, and appreciate the means it blends right into their residences without feeling it’s taking control of the whole space.


Intensity is likewise usually talked about, with numerous appreciating exactly how the powerful massage therapies can make you shudder (in the most effective method! ).


11-Kahuna Superior Massage Chair.

Top Performance Kahuna Massage Chair

A bigger and also taller massage therapy chair that can be gotten used to fit all type of body.


Combining a calming massage with the healing residential or commercial properties of acupressure. Happen inside Kahuna’s Kahuna Superior Massage therapy Chair.


Kahuna’s chair has whatever you might need!


Kahuna Superior Massage Chair CHECK PRICE ON AMAZON.


You can feel the benefits of anxiety remedy for the no gravity stance and also benefit from different massage therapy and also programs, including yoga exercise extending, which can help in launching your muscle mass.


Acupressure factors in your arms will certainly aid you reach a much more kicked back state Your feet will certainly feel renewed after a wraparound massage therapy.


Incorporating actually great space-saving modern technologies:.


It needs simply 3 inches to the wall in a no gravity as a result of the way that the chair moves on when it reclines.


Comparable massage chairs might call for over 10 inches of additional area when reclined completely It’s the most effective choice to have the features without the chair taking up your living room!


Kahuna’s state-of-the-art chair is a financial investment and also is made to accommodate everybody more comfortably since it’s higher as well as wider than most of its competitors.


The buyers were excited by the power of the 6 massage rollers for back inside the chair, paired with the airbags as well as foot rollers. ” Golf enthusiast” setting was claimed to be a prominent choice.


The remote control for chairs was taken into consideration to be a crucial feature. Some people were frustrated that it did not monitor your settings after every usage and found it easy to use as well as to locate the alternatives you want.


12-Snailax Shiatsu Massager for the Back and also Neck that has Warmth.

Snailax shiatsu Massage chair


Make any type of chair an ergonomic massage chair.


If you’re not able to pay for or area for a massage therapy chair, then think about the option!


Its Snailax Shiatsu padding is able to be affixed to the chair of your workplace while you work from house, or to a comfy chair in your bedroom to loosen up in prior to bed.


Snailax’s Shiatsu pad supplies a strenuous neck massage utilizing four nodes that go deeply right into the cells to loosen limited muscular tissues. They are also flexible to accommodate your elevation. individual utilizing them.


Snailax Shiatsu Neck and back Massager that includes Heat CHECK PRICE On AMAZON.


Snailax’s Shiatsu pad supplies an effective neck massage with four nodes that go deep into the tissue to reduce tight muscular tissues. They are also flexible to fit your elevation. person utilizing them.


If it has to do with your back, go for the soft rolling option or really feel the delight of massage nodes crossing your spine. Make use of the “Spot” attribute to concentrate on your discomfort.


If you’re bothered with the massage being as well intense the cushion also features an intensity control valve that means you can minimize the force of the massage.


The consumers enjoyed exactly how small the pad was, which implied they can bring it around with their laptops to use in the office.


The function ‘Area’ was frequently discussed as people believed they were able to efficiently discover the origin of their issue.


Allow’s talk about necks:.


The calming warmth and massage therapy nodes are able to massage therapy your neck for additional convenience, making the pad the perfect present to someone that’s sensation nervous as well as stressed.


A great deal of chairs do not have attributes to sustain the neck, which is why this is a superb advantage for this Snailax seat pad.


A constraint is that this pad is suitable for individuals that are between 63 to 70.9 inches in height. This suggests it’s not the perfect option for anyone who is taller than 6 feet.


For those that are taller For those that are taller, The Complete Body Electric Shiatsu Massage therapy Chair will give you one of the most rewarding massage.


Read: Discover the most effective Massage Padding (for Pain Alleviation) in 2021.


13-Oways Rocking Massage Reclining chair and also chair.


The massage chairs that look great and is comfortable to utilize.


The black “lazyboy” design massage therapy chair isn’t appropriate for everybody, as well as it might not be an excellent fit with the style of your home.


Oways massage therapy chair has a contemporary as well as minimalist style.


It is improved a solid timber structure, it is equipped with massage nodes in addition to shaking motors which work to relax your neck, back and shoulders.


Oways Rocking Massage Chair and also Recliner CHECK the rate on Amazon.


The chair’s users have confirmed that the function buttons developed right into the chair are distinct and also easy to run. There is also a flexible foot rest that contributes to the ease of use.


If you’re dealing with neck pain, will certainly value that neck-massage pillow which adapts to to obtain your preferred results.Massage Chair Payment Plan 


Reclining the chair to a substantial extent will certainly not be a choice consequently, if you would love to lay back and relax you may intend to consider a conventional style of chair, such as Genuine Relax Real Relax, may fit much better.


In truth, you’ll be compelled to jeopardize on some attributes to acquire the benefits of this much less complicated design.



You can not have absolutely no gravity attributes or a myriad of various other massage therapy techniques.


It’s dramatically less expensive than traditional chairs, while still providing a relaxing massage therapy.


Terms for a Massage therapy Chair are made use of in This Article


Before we begin prior to we start, educate you that there will be number of massage therapy chair-specific terms on the listing. This is a fast guide to assist you situate the functions you want.


3-D massage therapy: may alter the strength of massage chair rollers for even more personalized massage therapy


The 4D massage offers even more reach than 3D and is especially beneficial to individuals suffering from shoulder or pain in the back.


Airbags are typically located in areas with no rollers, air bags use an elongation massage.


Air Ionizer lies inside your headrests, this device eliminates dust along with dander, to name a few toxic irritants.


Body Scanning: Massage therapy rollers are able to reach your private pressure factors by adapting and also tailoring the rollers according to your body.


Bluetooth: Connect the audio speakers of the chair to listen to songs and even assisted reflection.


Chromotherapy The technique of light treatment helps in stabilizing psychological, physical spiritual, and emotional power.


L Track: The rollers within the L Track travel from the neck right into the glutes. Occasionally, they can encompass the Hamstrings.


Memory Settings The memory setups will certainly permit you to conserve a certain variety of custom-made massages.


Reflexology: Use pressure to the soles and also the tops of your feet to aid your whole body.


S Track: An S Track massage therapy chair is designed to adhere to the contour of your spine and also your body from your neck down to your lower back.


Area saving: You can put your massage chair in a corner and, when it’s turned on, it will certainly have the ability to move on.


Voice Control You can control your massage by telling your massage therapy chair what type of program you wish to utilize. Most of the top massage therapy chairs likewise include Alexa capacities.


Absolutely no gravity: The approach extends your knees, and also increases the knees over your chest, creating an experience of weightlessness. It additionally aids the spine to loosen up.







Just how to select the best American massage chair?


The American massage therapy chairs are a new kind of massager, which is designed for individuals who desire to relax and eliminate anxiety. It is also recognized as an ergonomic massage therapy chair, due to the fact that it can aid you attain maximum convenience while sitting on it.


Is It Negative to Sit in A Massage Therapy Chair for A Long Time?


It is recommended that you begin with 15 mins in your massage therapy chair. If you invest way too much time getting a deep tissue massage therapy, for example, you can end up bruising your muscular tissues, specifically if you are a new user of massage chairs.


It can trigger the body’s soft tissues to become irritated and even damage them. As a result, you wish to set the timer on the chair for simply 15 mins, see how you feel, and go from there. Work your method up to longer massage therapies.


How Often Should I Use My Massage Chair?


The most effective massage therapy chairs are made to be utilized often. The even more you use it, the better your body will certainly feel as well as look. You can use a chair as typically as you like, yet there is no demand to utilize it daily. If you do not use your chair for at least one week in between massage therapies, then you must consider getting an additional one. This way, you get one of the most out of the massage chair that you have.


How Often Should You Use A Massage Chair?Massage Chair Payment Plan 


When you think about a massage chair, you most likely envision somebody pushing the floor and also having their back rubbed. While this is an effective means to get your muscle mass exercised, it’s not always functional or possible for everybody. If you have restricted area in your house or office, after that using a regular massage therapy chair could be tough. Thankfully, there are various types of massage therapy chairs available that can aid you attain the same outcomes as a typical massage therapy without being so difficult.


Why Do Massage Therapy Chairs Press Your Legs?


One method that massage therapy specialists utilize to bring customers alleviation is gripping and also squeezing huge muscular tissues for simply a couple of secs and after that releasing them.


This helps in tension alleviation that is commonly located in tight muscle mass, which motivates them to get in a state of relaxation. This is why we see air bags in massage chairs inflating as well as deflating, specifically in the leg and also arm areas.


Why Should I Acquire a Massage Therapy Chair?


For anyone who has neck and back pain, tense muscles and also rigid joints, a massage therapy at the day spa facility is most likely among the most effective things that you can do for yourself.


By the time you leave, you feel the method you ought to– invigorated as well as revitalized.


Nevertheless, that feeling doesn’t last forever after life starts happening once again. You think of taking another trip to the health facility, but it’s just not sensible as well as you do not have the moment.

Wouldn’t it be a desire come to life, if you could bring the magical fingers of a specialist massage specialist from the day spa into your residence to work for you daily? Well, it’s feasible with a top massage chair..


The Length Of Time Do Massage Therapy Chairs Last?


With routine use and also excellent treatment, you can anticipate your massage chair to last for concerning three years prior to some repair is required. This is for a chair in the $3000 and under array.


On the other hand, a premium chair can last regarding 5-10 years before repair service is required, supplied the proprietor has actually preserved it as well as kept it in good repair.

Can You Excessive Use a Massage Therapy Chair?


Yes, if you set the intensity too expensive or utilize it for as well long in one session, it can create discomfort or perhaps pain.


You can utilize your massage chair fairly typically, about two times a day, but for shorter periods of about 15-20 minutes.


Unless you are used to your chair, investing more than 20 mins in it at a time can cause muscle mass discomfort because your body is not made use of to being jabbed and also prodded.

power cord for massage chair
massage chair and pregnancy

Share on facebook
Share on google
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
error: Content is protected !!